Journal of Plant Biotechnology : eISSN 2384-1397 pISSN 1229-2818

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Diseases treated using L. nepetifolia, plant parts used, and modes of administration

Diseases treated Plant part (s) used Mode of administration References
Malaria Whole plant or leaves Decoction; infusion; leaf tea Adia et al. (2014), Anywar et al. (2014), Ferreira et al. (2015), Kumar and Dash (2012), Wagh (2016)
Diarrhea Flowers and leaves Decoction; powder taken in porridge or tea Kingo and Maregesi (2020), Omwenga et al. (2015), Tugume et al. (2019)
Asthma Stem, leaves, and flowers Decoction; powder of the flower taken in porridge or tea Clement et al. (2005), Kingo and Maregesi (2020), Maregesi et al. (2007), Olanda et al. (2020)
Skin infections Leaves, seeds, inflorescence, root, and whole plant Paste applied topically Anbarashan et al. (2011), Kalaichelvi et al. (2017), Li et al. (2012), Maurya and Seth (2014), Nadu (2019), Prashantkumar and Vidyasagar (2008), Rao et al. (2006), Sharma et al. (2014), Singh and Shahi (2017), Van Andel and Van’t Klooster (2007)
Wounds, burns, and scalds Flowers and leaves Powder or ash applied topically Kalaichelvi et al. (2017), Krishna et al. (2014), Maregesi et al. (2007), Mudaiya et al. (2016), Pingale et al. (2013), Rao et al. (2006)
Rheumatism Leaves, whole plant, flowers, and seeds Infusion; decoction; paste applied locally Kalaichelvi et al. (2017), Li et al. (2012), Mallick and Acharya (2013), Nayak et al. (2004), Pandey and Tripathi (2010), Pereira et al. (2012), Pingale et al. (2013), Pushpan et al. (2013), Reddy et al. (2019), Singh and Shahi (2017), Ssegawa and Kasenene (2007), Tiwari et al. (2018)
Cancer Whole plant or leaves Decoction Kalaichelvi et al. (2017), Kingo and Maregesi (2020), Nadu (2019)
Diabetes Whole plant or leaves Decoction Kumar and Jnanesha (2017), Maobe (2014), Pingale et al. (2013)
Fever Whole plant or leaves Brewed as a tea Kalaichelvi et al. (2017), Li et al. (2012), Veerabadran et al. (2013)
Cough Leaves and inflorescence Brewed as a tea; boiled to a viscous paste and orally administered Li et al. (2012), Pandey and Tripathi (2010), Veerabadran et al. (2013)
Uterine prolapse Leaves Brewed as a tea Veerabadran et al. (2013)
Menstrual pains and period dysregulation Whole plant a Jain and Srivastava (2005), Lans (2007)
Jaundice Stem, leaves, and flowers Infusion Jain and Srivastava (2005), Pingale et al. (2013)
Parasitic worm infections Leaves Decoction Jain and Srivastava (2005)
Convulsions Leaves Boiled in water and drunk; decoction Maregesi et al. (2007)
Postnatal breast pain Inflorescence Ash mixed with mustard oil and applied topically Tiwari et al. (2018)
Pneumonia Whole plant a EL-Kamali (2009), Nadu (2019)
Syphilis Whole plant a Nadu (2019)
Labor pains Leaves Chewed; boiled in water and drunk Catherine et al. (2020)
Paralysis Whole plant Ash applied topically Mallick and Acharya (2013), Nayak et al. (2004), Singh and Shahi (2017)
Hepatitis Whole plant Decoction EL-Kamali (2009), Mukazayire et al. (2011), Pingale et al. (2013)
Hernia Leaves a Pingale et al. (2013)

aNot specified.

Source: adapted from Kang et al. (2013).

J Plant Biotechnol 2022;49:3-14 https://doi.org/10.5010/JPB.2022.49.1.003
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