Journal of Plant Biotechnology : eISSN 2384-1397 pISSN 1229-2818

Table. 3.

Table. 3.

Polyphenolic compounds in the leaf extracts from nine different varieties of grain amaranth

Compound number Compound µg/g of extract

Ah1 Ah2 Ah3 Ah4 Ah5 Ah6 Ar Ac1 Ac2
1 Gallic acid NDa 0.45±0.00a NDa 0.25±0.00a 0.37±0.00a NDa 0.19±0.00a NDa NDa
2 3,4-Dihydroxybenzoic acid 116±1.53c NDa NDa NDa 51.6±12.0b 198±39.3d 26.5±6.41ab NDa NDa
3 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid 1.01±0.11b 1.34±0.09b 2.52±0.08c 0.31±0.00a 0.18±0.01a 0.08±0.00a 0.21±0.00a 0.08±0.00a 0.27±0.00a
4 2, 4-Dihydroxybenzoic acid 0.3±0.05a NDa 0.42±0.02a 0.25±0.06a NDa NDa 0.58±0.00a 0.13±0.00a NDa
5 Caffeic acid NDa NDa NDa NDa 0.7±0.00a NDa 1.85±0.02b NDa NDa
6 Syringic acid 256±49.4bc 318±15.7c 467±18.4d 84.7±34.8a 70±20.4a 48.1±0.00a 47.7±0.00a 84±14.0a 150±42.6ab
7 p-Coumaric acid NDa NDa NDa NDa 0.29±0.09ab 0.63±0.40b 0.15±0.02a 0.36±0.01ab 0.09±0.00a
8 Ferulic acid NDa NDa NDa NDa NDa 1.51±0.50b NDa NDa NDa
9 Sinapinic acid NDa NDa NDa NDa NDa 5.14±0.00a NDa NDa NDa
10 Rutin NDa NDa NDa NDa 2.51±0.08a NDa 46.8±1.51c 5.88±0.57b 1.44±0.25a
11 Quercetin 3-β-D-glucoside NDa NDa NDa NDa NDa NDa 2.49±0.17b NDa NDa
12 Benzoic acid NDa NDa NDa NDa 0.46±0.00a 0.18±0.00a 1.84±0.23b 0.71±0.00a NDa
13 Kaempferol 3-O-β-rutinoside 6.67±0.03e 9.5±0.04f 24.1±0.01f 5.33±0.01d 0.68±0.04bc 1.01±0.21c 0.23±0.00a 0.76±0.02bc 0.64±0.04b

Superscript letters indicate significant differences between groups (p < 0.05).

J Plant Biotechnol 2022;49:99-105 https://doi.org/10.5010/JPB.2022.49.1.099
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