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Recurrent parent genome (RPG) recovery analysis in a marker-assisted backcross breeding based on the genotyping-by-sequencing in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.)
J Plant Biotechnol 2019;46:165-171
Published online September 30, 2019
© 2019 The Korean Society for Plant Biotechnology.

Jong Hee Kim · Yu Jin Jung · Hoon Kyo Seo · Myong-Kwon Kim · Ill-Sup Nou · Kwon Kyoo Kang

Department of Horticultural Life Science, Hankyong National University, Ansung 17579, Korea
Institute of Genetic Engineering, Hankyong National University, Ansung 17579, Korea
Tomato Research Center, Cheongju 28112, Korea
Department of Horticulture, Sunchon National University, Suncheon 57922, Korea
Correspondence to: e-mail: kykang@hknu.ac.kr

These authors contributed equally to this work.
Received June 7, 2019; Revised July 5, 2019; Accepted July 8, 2019.
cc This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Marker-assisted backcrossing (MABC) is useful for selecting an offspring with a highly recovered genetic background for a recurrent parent at early generation to various crops. Moreover, marker-assisted backcrossing (MABC) along with marker-assisted selection (MAS) contributes immensely to overcome the main limitation of the conventional breeding and it accelerates recurrent parent genome (RPG) recovery. In this study, we were employed to incorporate rin gene(s) from the donor parent T13-1084, into the genetic background of HK13-1151, a popular highyielding tomato elite inbred line that is a pink color fruit, in order to develop a rin HK13-1084 improved line. The recurrent parent genome recovery was analyzed in early generations of backcrossing using SNP markers obtained from genotyping-by-sequencing analysis. From the BC1F1 and BC2F1 plants, 3,086 and 4868 polymorphic SNP markers were obtained via GBS analysis, respectively. These markers were present in all twelve chromosomes. The background analysis revealed that the extent of RPG recovery ranged from 56.7% to 84.5% and from 87.8% to 97.8% in BC1F1 and BC2F1 generations, respectively. In this study, No 5-1 with 97.8% RPG recovery rate among BC2F1 plants was similar to HK13-1151 strain in the fruit shape. Therefore, the selected plants were fixed in BC2F2 generation through selfing. MAS allowed identification of the plants that are more similar to the recurrent parent for the loci evaluated in the backcross generations. MABC can greatly reduce breeding time as compared to the conventional backcross breeding. For instance, MABC approach greatly shortened breeding time in tomato.
Keywords : Background recovery, Molecular marker, rin tomato, Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), Tomato elite line


September 2019, 46 (3)
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